Tuesday, July 7, 2020

The Governors and the Governed in Middleton’s Renaissance Plays Michelmas Term, A Game at Chess, and Others - Literature Essay Samples

In the early sixteen hundreds, England shifted from the Elizabethan Era to the Jacobean Era. This important power transfer largely influenced European politics and society, consequently affecting Renaissance art and literature. Widely popular Renaissance playwright, Thomas Middleton, reflects this transfer of power in his works and comments on class structures as well as courtly corruption throughout his plays. Middleton crafts his characters, dialogue, and plot to illustrate the growing scandal found in the government and to challenge class hierarchies. Thomas Middleton was published approximately between the years 1602 and 1625, positioning his works predominantly within the Jacobean Era. Middleton’s works reflect the current political climate of the time and he is unique in that his writing displays a wide variety of socially diverse characters. Kate Lechler’s text, â€Å"Thomas Middleton in Performance 1960-2013: A History of Reception,† explains that, â€Å"Middleton often takes the point of view of the disenfranchised. He writes about the poor and the rising early modern middle-class as often as he writes about the dukes, counts, dauphins, and kinks† (Lechler 3). This display of different social classes allows Middleton to adopt an array of opinions and personas and enables him to realistically portray the variety in his society. Derek B. Alwes comments in his article, â€Å"The Secular Morality of Middletons City Comedies† that, â€Å"Middleton’s blend of morality and immorality† creates an, â€Å"ambiguity† that reflects his culture without asserting strict opinions about wrong and right (Alwes 108). This interesting strategy used by Middleton, creates a demonstration within his plays of moral and political complexity, and reflects the climate of his time without forcing people and situations into rigid constructs. Many of Middleton’s pieces deal with corruption and identify causes and effects of injustice. His play, Michaelmas Term, written in 1606 uses characterization to illustrate the corruptible nature of humans as well as exemplify the moral decay of the upper class. Two character, Andrew Lethe and the Country Wench, portray an inverse relationship between wealth and goodness and exemplify how the influences of growing cities lead to corruption. Andrew Lethe, originally Andrew Gruel, forsakes his past in the pursuit of wealth. His change in name reflects the greater change that has occurred in his personality and character. Each of these names hold significance, both in their literal meaning and in their symbolic connotation within the structure of the story. The last name Gruel is associated with the food, gruel, that is an oatmeal like mush frequently eaten by the lower class. After discarding this past name associated with poverty, A ndrew, â€Å"takes the name of a river in Hades (Lethe)† (Rowe 100). The Lethe river in Hades is known for its ability to make people forget their past and represents Andrew’s choice to forget his origin and instead venture to the city in pursuit of a higher social standing. Lethe is constantly afraid that people will find out his true class identity and commits himself to a fraudulent life among the upper class. At the beginning of the play, Lethe is inconvenienced by the presence of his mother who is looking for him. When Lethe and his mother, Mother Gothel, meet, the mother does not recognize her son, but Lethe exclaims, â€Å"My mother! Curse of poverty! Does she come to shame me, to to betray my birth† (Middleton, Michaelmas, 45). This statement portrays Lethe’s motivation and illuminates his goal of forgetting the past and moving on to a more affluent future. Lethe not only rejects the status of his past and family, but subsequently rejects the moral legacy left by his father. Mother Gothel express that, â€Å"his father was an honest, upright tooth drawer† (Middleton, Michaelmas, 46). With Lethe’s rejection of the last name he inherited from his father, he additionally rejects the morality of character that has preceded him. This correlation between affluence and corruption suggests Middleton’s beliefs about wealth and the upper class and pairs povert y with goodness and wealth with corruption. A similar phenomena is seen in the character of the Country Wench in Middleton’s Michaelmas Term. She goes from living a poor rural life to moving to the city and becoming a courtesan. As explained by Ruby Chatterji in his article â€Å"Unity and Disparity Michaelmas Term,† â€Å"The Country Wench decked out in her gentlewomanly fine clothes, which merely hide her inner corruption, parallels Lethe in her transformation: she scarce knows herself, and her own father, not recognizing her, is drafted into her serviceShe has been caught up in a life of vanity, and her fall is completely moral† (Chatterji 356). Both Lethe and the Country Wench abandon their pasts in search of material affluence, and in doing so find themselves consumed by the immoral characteristics of upper class and city living. After the Country Wench runs away to the city, her father soon follows after her. Upon entering the city, the father of the Count ry Wench announces, â€Å"Woe worth th’ infected cause that makes me visit this man-devouring city!† (Middleton, Michaelmas, 56-57). This quotation directly associates the city with corruption which continuously proves to be true in the development of Middleton’s characters. Many of Middleton’s other writings make this same connection, linking the city with moral decay. In Michelle O’Callaghan’s chapter â€Å"Life† taken from her larger work, Thomas Middleton, Renaissance Dramatist, O’Callaghan states that, â€Å"Middleton’s own pamphlets (The Meeting of Gallants at an Ordinary, The Black Book and Father Hubburd’s Tales)depict the city as a type of hell, a place populated by creatures that prey on the unwary – lawyers and punks† (O’Callaghan 13-14). This sentiment mirrors the Country Wench’s father’s statement and further portrays Middleton’s belief in the corruption of the city and its ability to infuse it’s tenants with injustice. Similarly to Mother Gothel, the Country Wench’s father is unable to recognize his child once they meet in the city. The father chastises the Country Wench because she is a courtesan and, therefore, is considered a sinner. The Country Wench replies questioning, â€Å"Why, you fool, are not gentle women sinners?† (Middleton, Michaelmas, 99). This remark suggests that to be a gentle woman is to be a sinner, again tying the ideas of corruption to the upper class and suggesting that someone cannot be highly positioned without being corrupt. Middleton introduces a tie between the wealthy and the corrupt again in a play frequently credited to him titled, The Revengers Tragedy. The Revengers Tragedy was written in 1606 and states outright, through the character’s dialogue that one cannot be both pure and wealthy. The moral center of the play, Castiza is appalled by the actions of the surrounding characters and elaborates that, â€Å"Maids and their honour are like poor beginners. Were not sin rich, there would be fewer sinners Why had not virtue a revenue? Well, I know the case, ‘twould have impoverished hell.† (Middleton, Revengers, 29). Castiza explains that it seems that only the poor are able to maintain goodness and that perhaps if virtue paid money there would be more honorable people. Castiza relates sin with riches furthering Middletons suggestion that the upper class is unable to be virtuous because of their status and wealth. Middleton’s play connects poverty with morality and explains that one cannot achieve statues and wealth without acting sinfully. The Revenger’s Tragedy does not focus on the upper class alone but additionally comment on the transfer of power introduced with the Jacobean Era. Scholars such as Steven Mullaney believe that Gloriana, who is only seen as a skull, represents the death of purity within the royalty and the transfer of power to corruption and scandal that is represented by the Duke. Mullaney explains in his article, â€Å"Mourning and Misogyny: Hamlet, The Revengers Tragedy, and the Final Progress of Elizabeth I, 1600-1607† that Vindice’s lover, â€Å"proves to be none other than Gloriana, the namesake of Elizabeths idealized royal persona.† (160 Mullaney) This direct reference to Queen Elizabeth confirms Gloriana’s representation of the Elizabethan Era. Gloriana is known for her goodness and purity. She was killed by the actions of the Duke which can be assumed to symbolize the Jacobean Era and the societal transfer from a queen known for her purity, to King James I known for his sexual debauchery. Middleton’s narrative reflects this relevant transition of power and implies that England’s reign of morality and goodness has been replaced with corruption and distraction. Middleton’s play written in 1622, The Changeling, moves Middleton’s arguments further and not only suggest the corruption of the upper class, but introduces sin as an leveler between the classes. Middleton argues against the hierarchy of class and suggests that original sin creates equality among people, implying that the ideas of wealth and title cannot compensate for sin. After carrying out the murder of Alonzo, DeFlores demands sex from Beatrice-Joanna as payment for his actions. Beatrice-Joanna argues against this act saying that they could not be together because of their difference in social status. DeFlores counters this argument petitioning Beatrice-Joanna to, â€Å"Look but into your conscience, read me there; ‘Tis a true book, you’ll find me there your equal: Pu sh! Fly not to your birth but set the you In what the act has made you; you’re no more now.† (Middleton, Changeling, 338). In this excerpt, DeFlores argues that Beatrice-Johanna’s sin have made her higher social rank irrelevant. DeFlores and Beatrice-Joanna do ultimately have sex and in doing so violate the constructs of class hierarchy. By having sex with DeFlores, Beatrice-Johanna validates DeFlores’s argument and confirms that their sins have equalized them. A similar destruction of class occurs with the union of Diaphanta and Alsemero. In The Oxford Handbook of Thomas Middleton, edited by Gary Taylor and Trish Thomas Henley, it is explained that, â€Å"Class and sex are similarly at stake in the famous bed trick scene, in which the desperate Beatrice persuades her servant Diaphanta, to take her place next to Alsemero in the nuptial bed† (Henley and Taylor 412). Both these relations between master and servant portray Middleton’s resistant to class structure and suggest his view of equality between individuals. Women Beware Woman, written by Thomas Middleton in 1621 portrays themes of class conflict and additionally comments on the government through Middleton’s use of pointed dialogue and plot. Lisa Hopkins comments in her, â€Å"Art and Nature in Women Beware Women† that, â€Å"By the end it has been transformed beyond recognition: the two most obviously middle-class of the characters, Leantio and his mother , have both disappeared from the story, one of them dead and the other simply forgotten about, and the domestic setting has given place to a country one.† (Hopkins 1). These plot details portray a disenfranchisement of the middle class and display the disqualification of middle class opinion. The play finishes after most everyone has been killed, and the Cardinal ends the show remarking, â€Å"Sin what thou art, these ruins show too piteously: Two kings on one throne cannot sit together, But one must needs down, for his title’s wrong; So where lust reign, that prince cannot reign long.† (Middleton, Women, 372). This comment directly relates to the current government and King James I’s, involvement in continuous, sexually immoral biddings. King James I and his court were continuously shrouded in scandal and Middleton suggest that this sexual draw prohibits the King from effectively governing. Many of Thomas Middleton’s tales about corruption relate directly to political scandals deriving from royalty and the upper class. One such play, The Witch written in 1615 is thought to be an exposà © of the corruption of King James I and his court, and is seen as direct reference to a well-known scandal of the time. In Lechler’s article she states that, â€Å"The Witch, was influenced by one such scandal, the divorce of Frances Howard and Robert Devereux, the Earl of Essex, and her later marriage to Thomas Carr, the Earl of Somerset† (Lechler 15). Middleton uses current events to comment politically on his society and to appeal to his audience by implementing well known scandals that Middleton’s audiences would be aware of and interested in seeing represented in theatre. In Michelle O’Callaghan’s text, Thomas Middleton, Renaissance Dramatis, she explains that, â€Å"Just as Sebastian procures a spell from the witch to render his rival Anto nio impotent in relation to his new wife, Isabella, so too at her trial Frances Howard, and her associate, Anne Turner, were accused of practicing witchcraft, and it was implied they had used sorcery to render Essex impotent† (O’Callaghan 156). Middleton crafts his work to symbolize political figures and comment on the corruption and scandal that frequently surrounded King James I and his council. This political reflection became increasingly common in Middleton’s work and is most famously seen in Thomas Middleton’s final recognized work, A Game At Chess. Although this play was enormously popular, it was quickly closed because of its political commentary. Middleton’s play implemented a chess allegory to represent the English and Spanish governments and satirize various members of royalty and courtly leaders. In T. H. Howard-Hill’s text, â€Å"Political Interpretations of Middletons A Game at Chess’† Howard-Hill explains that, â€Å"The relationships amongst the pieces in chess made identification of the White King, Knight, and Duke as James, Charles, and Buckingham respectively a simple matter, and the Black King was evidently Philip IV of Spain† (Howard-Hill 276). Because of the play’s controversial sentiments and its infringement upon current laws about portraying monarchs in plays, the show was debuted while King James I was occupied. After reports were shared with the King about the play and its contents King James I was, â€Å"Angry that he had been made to appear as if he had lost control of his kingdom, and wanting to maintain face in the diplomatic wrangling† and in reaction, â€Å"James acted decisively and banned the play† (O’Callaghan 162). A Game of Chess pushed the constructs of theatre and clearly depicted Thomas Middleton’s drive to comment on his political and social surroundings through drama. An important aspect of literature is the preservation of a society and the ability of art to reflect and comment on its surroundings. Thomas Middleton displays this commentary through each of his works and relentless illustrates his views on class, moral, and political constructs that continue to be highly debated to this day. Middleton explores the perspectives of a variety of people groups, classes, and genders, interpreting the current climate of his society and suggesting truths and realities. Thomas Middleton explores the boundaries of theatre while presenting relevant commentaries and immobilizes an era through the documentation of his timeless plays. Work Cited Alwes, Derek B. â€Å"The Secular Morality of Middletons City Comedies.† Comparative Drama, vol. 42, no. 2, 2008, pp. 101–119. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/23038016. Chatterji, Ruby. â€Å"Unity and Disparity Michaelmas Term.† Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900, vol. 8, no. 2, 1968, pp. 349–363. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/449664. Henley, Trish Thomas and Taylor, Gary,. The Oxford Handbook of Thomas Middleton. Oxford University Press, 2016. Hopkins, Lisa. â€Å"Art and Nature in Women Beware Women.† Sheffield Hallam University Research Archive, University of Hull, 1 Jan. 1996, shura.shu.ac.uk/2534/. Howard-Hill, T. H. â€Å"Political Interpretations of Middletons A Game at Chess (1624).† The Yearbook of English Studies, vol. 21, 1991, pp. 274–285. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3508494. Lechler, Kate. â€Å"Thomas Middleton in Performance 1960-2013: A History of Reception.† Florida State University Librari es, katelechler.com/dissertation/. Middleton, Thomas. A Game at Chess . Edited by T. H. Howard-hill, Manchester University Press, 1997. Middleton, Thomas, and Gail Kern. Paster. Michaelmas Term. Manchester University Press, 2000. Middleton, Thomas, et al. The Changeling. University of Nebraska Press, 1966. Middleton, Thomas. The Revengers Tragedy. Oxford University Press, 2012. Middleton, Thomas. The Witch. C. Uystpruyst, 1945. Middleton, Thomas. Women Beware Women. Digireads Com, 2012. Mullaney, Steven. â€Å"Mourning and Misogyny: Hamlet, The Revengers Tragedy, and the Final Progress of Elizabeth I, 1600-1607.† Shakespeare Quarterly, vol. 45, no. 2, 1994, pp. 139–162. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/2871215. O’Callaghan, Michelle. â€Å"Life.† Thomas Middleton, Renaissance Dramatist, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2009, pp. 4–18. O’Callaghan, Michelle. â€Å"Politics and Theatre: A Game at Chess.† Thomas Middleton, Renais sance Dramatist, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2009, pp. 154–172. Rowe, George E. â€Å"Prodigal Sons, New Comedy, and Middletons ‘Michaelmas Term.’† English Literary Renaissance, vol. 7, no. 1, 1977, pp. 90–107. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/43446884.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Litigation, Alternative Dispute Resolution And Criminal Laws

Litigation, Alternative Dispute Resolution and Criminal Laws [Case Study: Adele, Roberts and ABC and XYZ] Name of Student:†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. University of the People 04/10/2017 For each of the following scenarios, state whether you believe litigation, ADR, or criminal prosecution is the appropriate response and explain your answer, citing information from the textbook as support for your positions. Introduction In business, disputes that occur between businesses (business to business dispute), employer and employee (business to employee) and business and customers (business to consumers) are inevitable and there are laws that are put in place to ensure that disputes are settled and ethical behaviors are promoted within and outside the†¦show more content†¦68-69) Arbitration is the highest level of ADR where parties vest power in third-party lawmakers to decide a conflict. Arbitration method may be legal binding or non-legal binding, compulsory or free and it is commonly used among businesses and their consumers. The arbitrators, who may be a member of a judiciary listens to the evidences and issues an arbitration awards. (Lau Johnson, 2011, p. 70-74) In addition to the above alternative dispute resolution methods, there is also a higher court of law that handles cases that the ADR cannot handle, which is called litigation. Litigation is a case, filed in the court of law by a plaintiff demanding an equitable remedy. The parties involved in litigation are called litigants such as plaintiff (the victim), counter-plaintiff (initial defendant who is raising a claim against the plaintiff), defendant (the perpetrator), counter-defendant (initial plaintiff who is been sued in return by the defendant), joinder (merging of parties under litigation), et al. It is very expensive to charge people, businesses to court, but litigation is unavoidable in business. In litigation, litigants are relied upon to present and defend their claims. Also, parties are to hire attorneys who are also referred to as members of the bar to file their cases, except in some of the small courts and those who think hiring an attorney is a waste of money. The member of bar’s first duty is to administer justice and it is also theirShow MoreRelatedLitigation vs. ADR1100 Words   |  4 PagesLitigation v. ADR There are many legal systems and measures that are available to people when they run into problems. These alternatives generally accelerate the resolution of disputes without the need for initiating or continuing the formal and costly process of litigation. These alternatives are generally referred to as that of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) (Sherman, 2012). Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) comprises the resolution of a matter by a method other than traditional litigationRead MoreArgument Resolution : Alternative Dispute Resolution1205 Words   |  5 PagesDefined Alternative Dispute Resolution, commonly abbreviated ADR, is a method organizations and individuals use to resolve dispute without resorting to litigation. ADR methods help disputing parties to negotiate and come to an agreement or compromise without incurring the extra time, effort and fees required by courts and attorneys. Courts may review and ADR decision; however, if the final contract is sound, rarely will a court overturn a decision reached through alternative dispute resolution. DependingRead MoreThe Out Of Class Writing Assignment991 Words   |  4 Pagestraditional litigation methods have not been wholly successful in California? According to the article, traditional litigation methods have not been wholly successful in California for several reasons. One reason would be because the state government has lost the right of its executive branch to control a significant portion of the prison system. Therefore, they are unable to fully implement sentences imposed on convicted criminals by state courts. Due to massive shifts in sentencing laws, CaliforniaRead MoreLitigation, Adr And / Or Criminal Prosecution1577 Words   |  7 PagesIn various situations, litigation, ADR and/or criminal prosecution should be explored. In this writing, we will address three situations and which process would be best suited to address them and why. As out class text has demonstrated (Lau Johnson, 2011), there are many options we can explore to resolve both civil and criminal disputes that arise within the business world. Ahead of approaching the situations presented in the assignment, let’s talk a little bit about the basic optionsRead MoreDifference Between Civil Law And Criminal Procedure700 Words   |  3 Pages 1. The difference between civil procedure and criminal procedure is that in a criminal procedure the rules that apply in a criminal case and determine how a criminal case proceeds through the legal system. They are based on federal and state constitutions, codes, rules of court, and cases. Whereas, with a civil procedure the rules that apply in a civil case determine how a civil case proceeds through the legal system. Moreover, in federal courts many of the rules are found in the Federal Rules ofRead MoreNew Zealand s Mandatory Mediation1269 Words   |  6 PagesNew Zealand’s mandatory mediation scheme in Employment Law. In other nations, resolution rates are lower with mandatory mediation than voluntary mediation. However, within New Zealand, employment issues are more likely to be resolved by the parties themselves rather than with judicial intervention. This is partially reflected in the statistics, where of the 9,278 mediation services applications disposed of in 2002 t o 2003, only 1,155 disputes (12.4 per cent) were not settled by mediation. Thus,Read MoreThe Legal System and Adr Analysis706 Words   |  3 PagesThe Legal System and ADR Analysis Debra Doe-Gonzalez LAW 531 October 6, 2014 David Weischadle, II The Legal System and ADR Analysis The two major court systems in the United States are the federal and state court systems. They are each set up review different types of lawsuits (Cheeseman, 2013). This memo will review the levels of the state court system as well as the various methods of alternative dispute resolution. The case of AMF Incorporated v. Brunswick Corp will be reviewed inRead MoreLegislative Development Of Bangladesh For Alternative Dispute Resolution : Problems And Prospects Essay1382 Words   |  6 PagesLegislative Development in Bangladesh for Alternative Dispute Resolution: Problems and Prospects It is indeed a great honour for me to have been chosen the keynote speaker for this Seminar. I am deeply grateful to the Department of Law of Daffodil International University for giving me this opportunity to share my humble little knowledge on ADR with you. I will do my utmost to portray a clear picture of ADR as it stands today in Bangladesh and also the legislative developments on the subject. Read MoreQuestions On Alternative Dispute Resolution1630 Words   |  7 PagesFinal Report ‘Access to Justice’ the time-consuming and expensive litigation has slowly been replaced by the Alternative Dispute Resolution, which has developed and evolved as a significant method for resolving disputes. Alternative dispute resolution is a broad concept, covering the full range of alternative activities available for the most appropriate way of resolving civil problems from small claims to complex commercial disputes. To reach a settlement, an ADR process is using a range of optionsRead MoreAnalysis Of The Margolin s Lawsuit With The Rules Of Jurisdiction Essay1389 Words   |  6 Pagesthis case. The long arm principle will give the court authority to serve a defendant outside of its state (Kubasek, 2009). Another option to consider for settling this dispute is alternative dispute resolution. As explained by the author, â€Å"The term ADR refers to the resolution of legal disputes through methods other than litigation, such as negotiation, mediation, arbitration, summary jury trials, minitrials, neutral case evaluations, and private trials (Kubasek, pg.69, 2009). When considering ADR

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Psychology Of Shapes Logos And Advertisements

If you combine straight lines and colors such as blue and gray you may get a more cold and uninviting tone. It is best to combine straight lines with more vibrant and inviting colors. It has also been noticed that triangles can be related with other items such as religion, law, science, and power. Triangles can also be more portrayed as a masculine shape, leading to show up more in an advertisement with products that have a more masculine aspect to them. Subconsciously we also connect lines laid out in different ways with different emotions. For an example we portray vertical lines with more of a masculine, powerful, and aggressive feeling. Though horizontal lines can suggest more calm, unity, and or a tranquillity feeling. To get a†¦show more content†¦Not only can fonts affect emotional senses but they can even give a sense of flavor. Serif gives more of a plain taste like water, however Slab Serif can give off a more meaty taste due to its bulkiness. Round font is more portrayed as sweet like a round lollipop. Another example could be jagged font, jagged font gives off a more salty, sour flavor. By paying careful attention to the font a graphic designer can create so much more than an advertisement with pretty letters. They can create emotion, taste, and by using font that is commonly used between companies they can create trust. By constantly seeing the same font you become subconsciously more comfortable with the advertisements that use those fonts. If a graphic designer uses a font that uncommonly used they risk the chance of making the consumer feel more distant from their ad. However everyone perceives different fonts in their own way due to personal preferences and emotional attachment s, knowing this information designers use certain fonts based on their targeted consumers. Subliminal messages can be a useful tool to catch the audience’s attention. 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Acting Fairly In A Diverse Workplace †Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Acting Fairly In A Diverse Workplace? Answer: Introduction The increasing rate of globalization has turned most of the global work places into a diverse one. No longer employees stay and work in the insular environment; rather now they are a part of a work environment where they have to compete within the international framework. Therefore the non-profit and profit organizations now required becoming more diversified in order to remain in the competition. Moreover the capitalizing and maximizing the diversity within the work place has become a major issue for the managements. Along with that acting fairly has also been a major challenge for the managers (Scott et al. 2014). Within this global environment, treating all the employees with adequate respect and dealing with them in an open and fairly manner have been two most basic requirements for the managers. This essay will trigger the issue of acting fairly and acting uniformly within the work place. Diverse workplace Diversity within the work place can be defined as understanding, accepting, understanding and valuing the distinct differences amongst the employees in respect to their race, age, ethnicity, class, disabilities, gender etc. Within the era of globalization, the organizations are required to embrace the diversity within the workplace and find the methods of becoming the organizational environments that are inclusive of such characteristics (Bhave and Glomb 2016). The diverse work places have more potential for yielding greater productivity in work and the competitive advantages. According to Sue, Rasheed and Rasheed (2015) the demographic changes has become more prevalent these days, therefore the organizations are required reviewing their management practices and developing more creative and new approaches for managing the employees. Outsourcing and downsizing has affected the environment of the work places, especially the human resource management, to a great extent. The work places practices have changed as well. On one hand, the diversity has been beneficial for both the managements and the employees, whereas on the other hand there are several challenges within the diverse work places. In the era, where creativity and flexibility are the two key components of facing competitiveness, diversity can be very much critical to the success of the organization (Kirton and Greene 2015). However, the consequences of having a diverse work place cannot also be overlooked. Managing diversity can be crucial for the work places as in include identifying the value of the distinctions, combating the discrimination and at the same time promoting the inclusiveness. In such situations, the managers required to act in a fair way for all the employees as well because negative behaviors and attitudes can act as huge barriers for the organizations and this may damage the work place morale, working relationships and the productivity as well. Acting uniformly and Acting fairly Within the workplace, the managers are required to act in a transparent and fair way. However, there are several organizations in the global framework which emphasizes on being uniform in the work place, rather than being fair within the work place. There are several managers who do not know the primary difference between acting fairly and acting uniformly within the work place. However, this distinction is very significant, especially within the diverse work place. In such work places, there are different kinds of employees, as there have been huge changes within the working arrangements. As stated by Spence Laschinger and Nosko (2015.), there has been a recent rise in the numbers of employees within the diverse work places who are working in an organization for atypical contract or part time basis. In most of the countries the availability of the part time or temporary workers has contributed to a huge extent to the flexibility of the labor market. Therefore, these workers have als o helped in keeping the unemployment rate a lot down within the global market. Therefore, more and more employers are getting attracted towards this flexible employment contracts. A recent research also indicates that mostly the women employees who are aged around 30 years are more interested in such employment (Dastmalchian, Blyton and Adamson 2014). However, for these employees, the management requires to act in a distinct way than they act for the permanent employees. In these situations, it is more important for them to act in a fair and transparent way that in a uniform way for all the employees. Moreover the employers and the managers also require becoming aware of the potential ethical risks in such treatments as the managers require utilizing the workers in a way which becomes mutually beneficial. In such situations, if the managers are seen to prefer the permanent workers than the part time or the atypical ones, it should not be considered as an unfair business. According to Schilpzand, De Pater and Erez (2016) there are few rules in being transparent and fair within the work place, such as, treating the employees in a transparent way and having no such favorite employees at all. However the managers should also remember that they are supposed to treat the people in a way that they are to be treated. There should not be any unfair advantages; however, there should not any kinds of uniform treatment for the employees who are not working the same hours for the organization. The managers are supposed to model the behaviors and the rules differently for two different kinds of workers within the global environment. As stated by Repa (2014) the rules can be changed in such situations as well. There can be two different kinds of rules for the permanent and temporary work force, yet the managers should ensure that both the workers are treated in a fair and transparent way that can be beneficial for both the employers and employee. Conclusion The diverse work force is mostly the reflection of the fast changing market place; therefore the teams working in such situations can also bring higher value to the organizations. Furthermore, the organization management and the managers should also ensure that the individuals are respected and their diversities are admired in distinct ways. The organizations should also learn adapting the diversities in a way that it treats all the employers fairly, if not uniformly Reference list Bhave, D.P. and Glomb, T.M., 2016. The role of occupational emotional labor requirements on the surface actingjob satisfaction relationship.Journal of Management,42(3), pp.722-741. Dastmalchian, A., Blyton, P. and Adamson, R., 2014.The Climate of Workplace Relations (Routledge Revivals). Routledge. Kirton, G. and Greene, A.M., 2015.The dynamics of managing diversity: A critical approach. Routledge. Repa, B.K., 2014.Your rights in the workplace. Nolo. Schilpzand, P., De Pater, I.E. and Erez, A., 2016. Workplace incivility: A review of the literature and agenda for future research.Journal of Organizational Behavior,37(S1). Scott, B.A., Garza, A.S., Conlon, D.E. and Kim, Y.J., 2014. Why do managers act fairly in the first place? A daily investigation of hot and cold motives and discretion.Academy of Management Journal,57(6), pp.1571-1591. Spence Laschinger, H.K. and Nosko, A., 2015. Exposure to workplace bullying and post?traumatic stress disorder symptomology: the role of protective psychological resources.Journal of nursing management,23(2), pp.252-262. Sue, D.W., Rasheed, M.N. and Rasheed, J.M., 2015.Multicultural social work practice: A competency-based approach to diversity and social justice. John Wiley Sons.

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

The Progress of Rights in American History free essay sample

A paper which explores the way American society has emerged through the granting of rights and liberties to various groups and classes of Americans through the years. A study of the progress of the granting of rights to various races and classes throughout American history. The paper shows this progress by examining the relevant literature that bears on the history of rights and freedoms Ben Franklins Autobiography, Frederick Douglass Narrative of an American Slave, Michael Shaaras Killer Angels, John Lockes Second Treatise of Government and the American Constitution. The paper shows that these documents have contributed greatly to the fact that individual liberties and rights have increased steadily since colonial times. But here, Franklin develops the early system of checks and balances in government. The King may not act without colonial assent, and the colonists may not act without royal asset. Once assent is given on either end, it is not retractable. We will write a custom essay sample on The Progress of Rights in American History or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Rights, then, are permanent in Franklins assessment. The King, once he acts, may not go back on his word and retract rights. However, there is a sort of double standard, as naturally the colonists may continue to ask for more rights on top of the ones that the king has already granted. This logic leaves a balance of the power tilted towards the colonists and their Assemblies rather than towards the King: the very start of our progress of individual rights and freedoms.

Monday, March 16, 2020

Writings of the Third Wave-Gilley Essays

Writings of the Third Wave-Gilley Essays Writings of the Third Wave-Gilley Essay Writings of the Third Wave-Gilley Essay Writings of the Third Wave-Gilley BY Marsaar2412 However, one need only look at the cover images to see what is wrong with Bellafantes picture. McBeal, lest we forget, is not a real person. For the popular media to decry young feminism based on popular media depictions of it is truly a postmodern example of pop culture eating itself. These writers, while not following any unified stance, define themselves as the third wave, an appellation that serves to distinguish them from the first and second waves of feminism while simultaneously marking them as a continuation thereof. The waves metaphor is used to denote ontinuity of movement containing swells and troughs rather than discrete, isolated periods of political involvement. The theoretical underpinnings of the third wave, therefore, come from three widely divergent streams of thought that coexisted during this time. Many third-wave writers talk about how their feminist mothers or fathers gave them the sense of entitlement that made them feel feminist struggle might no longer be necessary. A second predominant message of the time was that feminism had gone too far and, in fact, was to blame for the exhaustion of women trying to do ouble duty as career women and wives and mothers. Media stereotypes of the hairy-legged, bra-burning, anti-male, strident feminist permeated the culture. This led to the phenomenon of Im not a feminist, but syndrome. These three books claimed that contemporary feminism had devolved into what they called victim feminism, in which women derived all of their rhetorical power from claiming to be victims, particularly of sexual violence. Wolf, along with Roiphe and Paglia, argued for power feminism, a worldview in which women are still being oppressed simply because we are allowing it to happen. The third stone in the bedrock of third-wave feminism is that, contrary to being unnecessary or having gone too far, the movement had not gone far enough, limiting itself to the narrow interests of its white, liberal majority. Although a lesbian, Moraga did not want to take up alliances against the men in her community with whom she must work to end racial oppression. This Bridge and the spate of anthologies by women of color that followed in its wake served as a clarion call to the feminist movement to examine its own racism and classism in order to rebuild as a powerful movement fighting for the interests of all omen. The phrase third wave as applied to a new strain of feminism first appeared in the late 1980s; women of color used the term to describe a feminist movement engaged in analyzing and eschewing its internalized racism. Rebecca Walker officially launched the third wave as an identifiable entity in her 1992 Ms. article, Becoming the Third Wave. l write this as a plea to all women, especially the women of my generation: Let Thomas confirmation serve to remind you, as it did me, that the fght is far from over Turn that outrage into political power . I am nota ostfeminism feminist. I am the Third Wave. Her use of the word I highlights the third waves focus on individualism, but also its reluctance to speak in an assumed† and potent ially false†solidarity. for what defines good feminism or who is a good feminist. For example, is a lesbian more feminist than a heterosexual woman? Does wearing lipstick make you a bad feminist? theres no single young feminist perspectlve. But more to tne polnt, tneres no one Temlnlst perspective, ana tnere never has been. Third-wavers Jennifer Baumgardner and Amy Richards rgue, Feminism isnt about what choice you make, but the freedom to make that choice. Many young feminists are now exercising their right to freely choose these traditionally gendered modes. In 1991, a group of young women in the punk scene in Olympia, Washington, and Washington D. C. organized themselves to protest the sexism in the music underground and named themselves Riot Grrrl. Grrrl, a word coined by Bikini Kill singer and activist Kathleen Hanna, is a spontaneous young- feminist reclamation of the word girl at least partially derived from a phrase of ncouragement popularized by young American blac k women in the late 1980s: You go guuuuurll! Riot Grrrls frequently adopted girly modes of dress, wearing baby doll dresses, knee-high socks, and minibarrettes alongside their combat boots, piercings, and aggressive attitudes. Young feminists, in addition to including trappings of girlhood in their personal style, also began to reclaim other traditional female arenas as a political act. n which she argues that it is time to rethink the position that girls doing traditionally male activities is feminist, but girls doing traditionally female activities is not. Finally, the reclamation of public sexual performance, such as burlesque, vaudeville, and strip shows, is getting a lot of feminist press. While it is highly doubtful that any significant number of second-wave feminists were anti-sex, Andrea Dworkins famous statement that all heterosexual sex is rape took feminist arguments about the power of the phallus too far and instigated a near-riot (philosophically speaking) known as th e Sex Wars in feminism. In addition to refusing to limit their sexual desires based on political analysis, many third-wavers believe in the use of female sexuality as a power tool. The use of sexuality as a form of power is highly controversial and not endorsed by all (or perhaps even most) of the third wave, but it is included in the discussion. The third waves insistence on the ability to embrace contradiction, and its refusal to fit into neat categories, makes it the perfect home for a new theory of transgenderism. omen-only events like the Michigan Womyns Music Festival on the argument that female-to-male transsexuals are currently recipients of male privilege and male-to- female transsexuals had male privilege during their socialization as youth. Although media representations are not real, they definitely influence and shape societys reading of reality Within this, analyzing hip-hop music has become a particular specialty of the third wave, and in fact, many young African American feminists call them selves hip-hop feminists instead of third-wavers. Control of the media is the single most important issue of our time. 16 One way for young activists to wrest control of the media is to create some themselves; third-wavers have taken advantage of todays multimedia possibilities to do Just that. Third-wavers are concerned with publishing in popular ormats and venues, so as to be a part of the culture they critique; they are not interested in being confined to academia, nor do they feel academic feminism gives them the freedom to theorize in new ways. Is the third wave in opposition to the second, or a continuation of it? There are several indicators that the conflict is overhyped: many third-wavers have a past association with Ms. , a bastion of second- wave feminism. In Wrltlngs 0T tne I ave Ollley sort 0T opens up tne Idea 0T tnlra-wave feminism. For many still, the idea that feminism is a thing of the past still rings true, ut Gilley points out through a series of writings that that is not the case. She also tries to separate it from the second-wave of feminism and the thoughts of being a postfeminist. She does this by giving historical background of the start of the Third Wave and what the theories of this wave are: queer theory, anti-racism, and women- of-color consciousness. Personally, I believe in the idea of the Third Wave and take part in the idea that feminism is still in fact a current problem. I think, however, that it is Just recently picking up the necessary steam to make a difference. Feminism has ort of taken a backseat in earlier years so other groups could obtain their more basic rights and while that is great, it is now Just getting back into the forefront of peoples minds through media outlets. Still, it is not making headlines and that is why†I believe†it is still a popular idea in some areas that it is an old idea, because weve fallen into this rut and people dont truly see the inequalities that are still occurring. 1. Gilley brings up the idea ofa having to separate oppression in society with Cherrie Moraga and her statement of, The lesbian separatist utopia? No thank you, sisters. Gilley points out that people are oppressed in many ways and that they have to basically choose their battles. From this, do you believe that there is a hierarchy of oppression still evident in todays society? And if you do, how do you think this could possibly be solved? 2. Gilley mentions the idea of the stereotypical hairy legged, bra-burning, anti male feminist. This idea that many believe feminists to be leads to the idea of feminism being either this radical thing†which rarely it is anymore†or a sort of Joke. So, how do you think we should fix this idea and hopefully stop the Im not a feminist, but syndrome Gilley brings up?

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Equality of Access to California Public University Education Essay

Equality of Access to California Public University Education - Essay Example From the report it is clear that poverty and disadvantages is affected by the education system, offering rich and poor schools with bleak differences in learning atmospheres and physical surroundings. Deprived environs characteristically house run-down schools with poor conditions and less money whereas rich neighborhoods house newer and safer schools offering best learning atmospheres. In addition, the lower-quality urban schools are likely to be attended by ethnic minority students. Attempts to enhance this inequality are only the first step in attaining equality even with millions of dollars spent in federal programs.This essay stresses that  the inequities of access to quality schools and attainment of children in public universities, in California, have been a source of debate and millions of dollars in programs for many years trying to attain equity for all students.  It is argued by critics of American public education that California in incapable of educating students eff iciently, partially due to the highly bureaucratic nature of its governance structure. Layers of rules burdened by paperwork and regulation are attached to most federal government funding hence; federal programs become hard to change or implement. Funds and responsibility are shuffled around to various bodies by this institutionalized problem of extreme bureaucracy, and shifts the accountability of academic achievement onto guardians, teachers, students, and administrators in the case of education.

The Governors and the Governed in Middleton’s Renaissance Plays Michelmas Term, A Game at Chess, and Others - Literature Essay Samples

In the early sixteen hundreds, England shifted from the Elizabethan Era to the Jacobean Era. This important power transfer largely influen...